The Black Death: 3 Must-Know Things About Bubonic Plague

Bubonic plague or The Black Death happened during the Middle Ages that killed millions of Europeans. There are 1,000 to 3,000 cases of this disease recorded by the World Health Organization each year. There are no reported cases of this plague in Australia or Europe. Regions where The Black Death occur are in Russia, China, Madagascar, Southwest and Southeast Asia, Brazil and the Andes Mountain. In the US, there are 10 to 15 cases of this plague that occur each year.

How is it transmitted?
This disease is not  usually spread from person to person. But, in the Middle Ages, people got sick with pneumonia caused by Yersinia pestis. When the infected person coughed and sneezed, he/she spread the disease to another person.

These days, the small rodents carry the infection while fleas act as vectors, which can transmit the infection to humans. In other word, a person may be infected from flea bites or direct contact with an infected animal.

Treatments for bubonic plague:
  • Antibiotics: streptomycin, tetracycline. Antibiotics should be given as soon as the disease is detected. 
  • Vaccination. This is usually given to individuals who travel to areas affected by this disease. 
Prevention of The Black Death
  • Control the population of rats in homes and workplaces
  • Reduce the number of fleas by using or spraying insecticide
  • Treat your pets if they have fleas
Essentially, the best way to prevent The Black Death is to clean your surroundings.

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